Back pain can result from injury, activity and some medical conditions. It can affect people of any age, for different reasons. Most Commonly used ICD-10 codes for back pain.
ICD-10 codes for back pain, Lower back pain, icd 10 Codes, icd 10 for back pain, Causes of Back Pain, Treatment for Back Pain, ligament strain, spinal cord,

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Back pain is a common reason for absence from work and for seeking medical treatment. It can be uncomfortable and debilitating. It can result from injury, activity and some medical conditions. Back pain can affect people of any age, for different reasons. As people get older, the chance of developing lower back pain increases, due to factors such as previous occupation and degenerative disk disease.

Lower back pain may be linked to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, lower back muscles, abdominal and pelvic internal organs, and the skin around the lumbar area.

Pain in the upper back may be due to disorders of the aorta, tumors in the chest, and spine inflammation. Fortunately, you can take measures to prevent or relieve most back pain episodes. If prevention fails, simple home treatment and proper body mechanics often will heal your back within a few weeks and keep it functional. Surgery is rarely needed to treat back pain.


Back pain often develops without a cause that your doctor can identify with a test or an imaging study. Conditions commonly linked to back pain include muscle or ligament strain, bulging or ruptured disks, arthritis, or osteoporosis. In the case of muscle or ligament strain, repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments. If you’re in poor physical condition, constant strain on your back can cause painful muscle spasms. In the case of bulging or ruptured disks, disks act as cushions between the bones (vertebrae) in your spine. The soft material inside a disk can bulge or rupture and press on a nerve. However, you can have a bulging or ruptured disk without back pain. Disk disease is often found incidentally when you have spine X-rays for some other reason. In some cases, arthritis in the spine can lead to a narrowing of the space around the spinal cord, a condition called spinal stenosis. In the case of osteoporosis, your spine’s vertebrae can develop painful fractures if your bones become porous and brittle.


Back pain usually resolves with rest and home remedies, but sometimes medical treatment is necessary.Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relief medication, usually nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), such as ibuprofen, can relieve discomfort. Applying a hot compress or an ice pack to the painful area may also reduce pain. Resting from strenuous activity can help, but moving around will ease stiffness, reduce pain, and prevent muscles from weakening.

If home treatments do not relieve back pain, a doctor may recommend medication, physical therapy, or both. Back pain that does not respond well to OTC painkillers may require a prescription NSAID. Codeine or hydrocodone, which are narcotics, may be prescribed for short periods. These require close monitoring by the doctor. In some cases, muscle relaxants may be used. Physical therapy like applying heat, ice, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation — as well as some muscle-release techniques to the back muscles and soft tissues — may help alleviate pain.
As the pain improves, the physical therapist may introduce some flexibility and strength exercises for the back and abdominal muscles. Techniques for improving posture may also help.
The patient will be encouraged to practice the techniques regularly, even after the pain has gone, to prevent back pain recurrence.

The table below includes the most commonly used ICD-10 codes for back pain:

ICD-10 Chapter Codes Code Description
13 M54.00 Panniculitis affecting regions of neck and back, site unspecified
13 M54.01 Panniculitis affecting regions of neck and back, occipito-atlanto-axial region
13 M54.02 Panniculitis affecting regions of neck and back, cervical region
13 M54.03 Panniculitis affecting regions of neck and back, cervicothoracic region
13 M54.04 Panniculitis affecting regions of neck and back, thoracic region
13 M54.05 Panniculitis affecting regions of neck and back, thoracolumbar region
13 M54.06 Panniculitis affecting regions of neck and back, lumbar region
13 M54.07 Panniculitis affecting regions of neck and back, lumbosacral region
13 M54.08 Panniculitis affecting regions of neck and back, sacral and sacrococcygeal region
13 M54.09 Panniculitis affecting regions, neck and back, multiple sites in spine
13 M54.10 Radiculopathy, site unspecified
13 M54.11 Radiculopathy, occipito-atlanto-axial region
13 M54.12 Radiculopathy, cervical region
13 M54.13 Radiculopathy, cervicothoracic region
13 M54.14 Radiculopathy, thoracic region
13 M54.15 Radiculopathy, thoracolumbar region
13 M54.16 Radiculopathy, lumbar region
13 M54.17 Radiculopathy, lumbosacral region
13 M54.18 Radiculopathy, sacral and sacrococcygeal region
13 M54.2 Cervicalgia
13 M54.30 Sciatica, unspecified side
13 M54.31 Sciatica, right side
13 M54.32 Sciatica, left side
13 M54.40 Lumbago with sciatica, unspecified side
13 M54.41 Lumbago with sciatica, right side
13 M54.42 Lumbago with sciatica, left side
13 M54.5 Low back pain
13 M54.6 Pain in thoracic spine
13 M54.81 Occipital neuralgia
13 M54.89 Other dorsalgia
13 M54.9 Dorsalgia, unspecified

Author: Tonoya Ahmed

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