Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a broad term that describes irregularities in the menstrual cycle involving frequency, regularity, duration, and volume of flow outside of pregnancy.
Ear pain (or otalgia) ranks as one of the leading complaints among children and adult evaluated in the primary care or emergency setting. Most patients will have one of three common diagnoses (acute otitis media [AOM], otitis externa, or otitis media with effusion [OME]), which are generally not serious.
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a major surgical operation where atheromatous blockages in a patient’s coronary arteries are bypassed with harvested venous or arterial conduits. The bypass restores blood flow to the ischemic myocardium which, in turn, restores function, viability, and relieves anginal symptoms
Allergic rhinitis (AR) or allergic inflammation of the nasal airways is an atopic disease presenting with symptoms of sneezing, nasal congestion, clear rhinorrhea, and nasal pruritis. It is an IgE-mediated immune response that is against inhaled antigens in the immediate phase, with a subsequent leukotriene-mediated late phase.
Acute myocardial infarction is myocardial necrosis resulting from acute obstruction of a coronary artery. Symptoms include chest discomfort with or without dyspnea, nausea, and/or diaphoresis. Diagnosis is by electrocardiography (ECG) and the presence or absence of serologic markers. Acute myocardial infarction is one of the leading causes of death in the developed world.