Psychiatry is the branch of medicine focused on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders.


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Psychiatry is the branch of medicine focused on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders. A psychiatrist is a medical professional who specializes in mental health. Psychiatrists are qualified to assess both the mental and physical aspects of psychological problems.


Symptoms of mental illness and distress stem from both biological and environmental factors, including maladaptive patterns of behavior and even diet. The contribution each makes to disorder varies from person to person. People seek psychiatric help for many reasons. The problems can be sudden, such as a panic attack, frightening hallucinations, thoughts of suicide, or hearing “voices.” Or they may be more long-term, such as feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or anxiousness that never seem to lift or problems functioning, causing everyday life to feel distorted or out of control.


Psychiatrists use a variety of treatments – including various forms of psychotherapy, medications, psychosocial interventions, and other treatments (such as electroconvulsive therapy or ECT), depending on the needs of each patient. Modern medical diagnosis and treatment of mental health conditions rely on tools ranging from neuroimaging to transcranial stimulation. Psychotropic medications remain the most commonly sought and prescribed treatments, but increasingly the psychiatric landscape includes more than drugs and pharmacotherapy.

The table below includes the most commonly used ICD-10 codes for psychiatry and behavioral health in 2020:

ICD-10 ChapterCodesCode Description
5F41.1Generalized anxiety disorder
5F43.23Adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depressed mood
5F43.22Adjustment disorder with anxiety
5F33.1Major depressive disorder, recurrent, moderate
5F43.20Adjustment disorder, unspecified
5F41.9Anxiety disorder, unspecified
5F43.21Adjustment disorder with depressed mood
21Z63.0Problems in relationship with spouse or partner
5F43.12Post-traumatic stress disorder, chronic
5F34.1Dysthymic disorder
5F43.10Post-traumatic stress disorder, unspecified
5F32.1Major depressive disorder, single episode, moderate
5F33.0Major depressive disorder, recurrent, mild
5F32.9Major depressive disorder, single episode, unspecified
5F90.2Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type
5F60.9Personality disorder, unspecified
5F40.228Other natural environment type phobia
5F43.25Adjustment disorder w mixed disturb of emotions and conduct
5F06.1Catatonic disorder due to known physiological condition
5F33.2Major depressive disorder, recurrent severe without psychotic features
5F41.0Panic disorder without agoraphobia
5F90.0Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, predominantly inattentive type
5F32.0Major depressive disorder, single episode, mild
5F42.2Mixed obsessional thoughts and acts
5F84.0Childhood autism

Author: Tonoya Ahmed

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